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dupree

The goal of dupree is to identify chunks / blocks of highly duplicated code within a set of R scripts.

A very lightweight approach is used:

To prevent the results being dominated by high-identity blocks containing very few symbols (eg, library(dplyr)) the user can specify a min_block_size. Any code-block containing at least this many non-trivial symbols will be kept.

Installation

You can install dupree from github with:

if (!"dupree" %in% installed.packages()) {
  # Alternatively:
  # install.packages("dupree")
  remotes::install_github("russHyde/dupree")
}

Example

To run dupree over a set of R files, you can use the dupree(), dupree_dir() or dupree_package() functions. For example, to identify duplication within all of the .R and .Rmd files for the dupree package you could run the following:

## basic example code
library(dupree)

files <- dir(pattern = "*.R(md)*$", recursive = TRUE)

dupree(files)
#> # A tibble: 14 x 7
#>    file_a              file_b              block_a block_b line_a line_b   score
#>    <chr>               <chr>                 <int>   <int>  <int>  <int>   <dbl>
#>  1 R/dupree_classes.R  tests/testthat/tes…      33       8     57     13 0.296  
#>  2 tests/testthat/tes… tests/testthat/tes…       8      10     13    118 0.248  
#>  3 R/dupree_classes.R  R/dupree_classes.R       33      61     57    117 0.218  
#>  4 tests/testthat/tes… tests/testthat/tes…       8      11     13     64 0.216  
#>  5 R/dupree_classes.R  R/dupree_classes.R       33      88     57    180 0.215  
#>  6 tests/testthat/tes… tests/testthat/tes…      11       1     64      1 0.185  
#>  7 tests/testthat/tes… tests/testthat/tes…       1       2      1    132 0.172  
#>  8 R/dupree_classes.R  R/dupree.R               33     111     57    124 0.146  
#>  9 tests/testthat/tes… tests/testthat/tes…       8       6     13     25 0.120  
#> 10 R/dupree_classes.R  tests/testthat/hel…      33       4     57      4 0.114  
#> 11 R/dupree_classes.R  R/dupree_code_enum…      88      48    180     90 0.111  
#> 12 presentations/clea… R/dupree_classes.R       28      61    316    117 0.105  
#> 13 tests/testthat/tes… tests/testthat/tes…       6       3     25     11 0.0972 
#> 14 R/dupree_code_enum… tests/testthat/tes…      48       1     90      1 0.00298

Any top-level code blocks that contain at least 40 non-trivial tokens are included in the above analysis (a token being a function or variable name, an operator etc; but ignoring comments, white-space and some really common tokens: [](){}[email protected]:,=, <-, && etc). To be more restrictive, you could consider larger code-blocks (increase min_block_size) within just the ./R/ source code directory:

# R-source code files in the ./R/ directory of the dupree package:
source_files <- dir(path = "./R", pattern = "*.R(md)*$", full.names = TRUE)

# analyse any code blocks that contain at least 50 non-trivial tokens
dupree(source_files, min_block_size = 50)
#> # A tibble: 1 x 7
#>   file_a               file_b               block_a block_b line_a line_b score
#>   <chr>                <chr>                  <int>   <int>  <int>  <int> <dbl>
#> 1 ./R/dupree_classes.R ./R/dupree_classes.R      61      88    117    180 0.104

For each (sufficiently big) code block in the provided files, dupree will return the code-block that is most-similar to it (although any given block may be present in the results multiple times if it is the closest match for several other code blocks).

Code block pairs with a higher score value are more similar. score lies in the range [0, 1]; and is calculated by the stringdist package: matching occurs at the token level: the token “my_data” is no more similar to the token “myData” than it is to “x”.

If you find code-block-pairs with a similarity score much greater than 0.5 there is probably some commonality that could be abstracted away.


Note that you can do something similar using the functions dupree_dir and (if you are analysing a package) dupree_package.

# Analyse all R files in the R/ directory:
dupree_dir(".", filter = "R/")
#> # A tibble: 6 x 7
#>   file_a               file_b              block_a block_b line_a line_b   score
#>   <chr>                <chr>                 <int>   <int>  <int>  <int>   <dbl>
#> 1 ./R/dupree_classes.R ./R/dupree_classes…      33      61     57    117 0.218  
#> 2 ./R/dupree_classes.R ./R/dupree_classes…      33      88     57    180 0.215  
#> 3 ./tests/testthat/te… ./tests/testthat/t…       1       2      1    132 0.172  
#> 4 ./R/dupree_classes.R ./R/dupree.R             33     111     57    124 0.146  
#> 5 ./R/dupree_classes.R ./R/dupree_code_en…      88      48    180     90 0.111  
#> 6 ./R/dupree_code_enu… ./tests/testthat/t…      48       1     90      1 0.00298
# Analyse all R files except those in the tests / presentations directories:
# `dupree_dir` uses grep-like arguments
dupree_dir(
  ".",
  filter = "tests|presentations", invert = TRUE
)
#> # A tibble: 4 x 7
#>   file_a            file_b                   block_a block_b line_a line_b score
#>   <chr>             <chr>                      <int>   <int>  <int>  <int> <dbl>
#> 1 ./R/dupree_class… ./R/dupree_classes.R          33      61     57    117 0.218
#> 2 ./R/dupree_class… ./R/dupree_classes.R          33      88     57    180 0.215
#> 3 ./R/dupree_class… ./R/dupree.R                  33     111     57    124 0.146
#> 4 ./R/dupree_class… ./R/dupree_code_enumera…      88      48    180     90 0.111
# Analyse all R source code in the package (only looking at the ./R/ directory)
dupree_package(".")
#> # A tibble: 6 x 7
#>   file_a               file_b              block_a block_b line_a line_b   score
#>   <chr>                <chr>                 <int>   <int>  <int>  <int>   <dbl>
#> 1 ./R/dupree_classes.R ./R/dupree_classes…      33      61     57    117 0.218  
#> 2 ./R/dupree_classes.R ./R/dupree_classes…      33      88     57    180 0.215  
#> 3 ./tests/testthat/te… ./tests/testthat/t…       1       2      1    132 0.172  
#> 4 ./R/dupree_classes.R ./R/dupree.R             33     111     57    124 0.146  
#> 5 ./R/dupree_classes.R ./R/dupree_code_en…      88      48    180     90 0.111  
#> 6 ./R/dupree_code_enu… ./tests/testthat/t…      48       1     90      1 0.00298