Exposing the Gmail API from R.
Install the released version of gmailr from CRAN:
Or install the development version from GitHub with:
# install.packages("pak") ::pak("r-lib/gmailr")pak
In order to use gmailr, you must provide your own
OAuth client. This is documented in the article Set up an
OAuth client. The article goes deeply into how to create an OAuth
client and also how to configure it for gmailr’s use. If you already
have an OAuth client or know how to create one, the help topics for
?gm_default_oauth_client are more concise resources for
just the client configuration piece.
Configuring an OAuth client is step 1 of 2 for getting ready to use
gmailr. Step 2 is to complete the so-called “OAuth dance”, which is
triggered automatically upon first need. You are taken to a web browser,
where you must select or login as the Google user you want to use
(authenticate yourself) and give your OAuth client permission to do
Gmail stuff on your behalf (authorize). The OAuth dance does not
(necessarily) need to be repeated in subsequent sessions. See
?gm_auth if these defaults aren’t appropriate for your use
case and you’d like to take more control.
You can call
gm_profile() to confirm that you are using
the intended Google identity.
Create a new email with
gm_mime() and build it up from
parts, using helper functions like
<- test_email gm_mime() |> gm_to("PUT_A_VALID_EMAIL_ADDRESS_THAT_YOU_CAN_CHECK_HERE") |> gm_from("PUT_THE_GMAIL_ADDRESS_ASSOCIATED_WITH_YOUR_GOOGLE_ACCOUNT_HERE") |> gm_subject("this is just a gmailr test") |> gm_text_body("Can you hear me now?")
When developing the message, you might want to use
gm_create_draft(), if you’d like to view a draft and verify
that it’s formatted as you expect. Then you can send the draft with
gm_send_draft() or send the original MIME message with
# Verify it looks correct, i.e. look at your Gmail drafts in the browser <- gm_create_draft(test_email) d # If all is good with your draft, then you can send the existing draft gm_send_draft(d) #> Draft Id: 189033f7e08ead50 #> NULL # or the existing MIME message gm_send_message(test_email) #> Id: 189033f816495611
You can retrieve all email threads with
retrieve a specific thread with
gm_thread(). You can then
isolate a specific message and access its parts.
# view recent threads <- gm_threads(num_results = 10) my_threads # retrieve the latest thread by retrieving the first ID <- gm_thread(gm_id(my_threads)[]) latest_thread # messages in the thread will now be in a list # retrieve parts of a specific message with the accessors <- latest_thread$messages[] my_msg gm_date(my_msg) #>  "Wed, 28 Jun 2023 11:24:00 -0700" gm_subject(my_msg) #>  "this is just a gmailr test" gm_body(my_msg) #> [] #>  "Can you hear me now?\r\n"
More details are available in the Get started article and in gmailr’s other articles.