Spatiotemporal Visualization

3D Visualization (spatiotemporal)

{mlr3spatiotempcv} makes use of {plotly} to create the 3D plots for visualizing spatiotemporal folds. Arranging multiple 3D plots in {plotly} is done via 3D subplots.

Unfortunately, {plotly}’s subplot implementation is not dynamic. This means that multiple “scene” objects need to be specified in plotly::layout() to determine the coordinates of the respective subplot. Depending on the number of chosen folds by the user in autoplot(), a different number of scenes with different coordinates needs to be given to align the plots properly.

Hence, manual action is needed to create a properly aligned grid of 3D plots.

Below is an example how to create a 2x2 grid showing four folds as 3D subplots. It makes use of the returned 3D plotly objects which are returned in a list by autoplot():

task_st = tsk("cookfarm_mlr3")
task_st$set_col_roles("SOURCEID", roles = "space")
task_st$set_col_roles("Date", roles = "time")
resampling = rsmp("sptcv_cstf", folds = 5)

pl = autoplot(resampling, task_st, c(1, 2, 3, 4),
  crs = 4326, point_size = 3, axis_label_fontsize = 10,
  plot3D = TRUE

# Warnings can be ignored
pl_subplot = plotly::subplot(pl)

  title = "Individual Folds",
  scene = list(
    domain = list(x = c(0, 0.5), y = c(0.5, 1)),
    aspectmode = "cube",
    camera = list(eye = list(z = 2.5))
  scene2 = list(
    domain = list(x = c(0.5, 1), y = c(0.5, 1)),
    aspectmode = "cube",
    camera = list(eye = list(z = 2.5))
  scene3 = list(
    domain = list(x = c(0, 0.5), y = c(0, 0.5)),
    aspectmode = "cube",
    camera = list(eye = list(z = 2.5))
  scene4 = list(
    domain = list(x = c(0.5, 1), y = c(0, 0.5)),
    aspectmode = "cube",
    camera = list(eye = list(z = 2.5))

Note: The image shown above is a static version created with plotly::save_image().

Unfortunately, titles in subplots cannot be created dynamically. However, there is a manual workaround via annotations show in this RPubs post.

Examples of spatial partitioning (2D)

The following plots are based on a three fold partitioning of the ecuador example task. Method mlr_resampling_sptcv_cstf is omitted here as the ecuador task does not have a factor grouping variable which is required by this method. The partitions created on this dataset do not claim to necessarily make sense in practice - they should only contrast the individual methods against each other. The source code can be found here.

Identifier Method Name
A mlr_resampling_spcv_block
B mlr_resampling_spcv_coords
C mlr_resampling_spcv_env
D mlr_resampling_spcv_disc
E mlr_resampling_spcv_tiles
F mlr_resampling_spcv_buffer